CHRISTOPHER GIST'S JOURNALS
WITH HISTORICAL, GEOGRAPHICAL AND ETHNOLOGICAL NOTES
AND BIOGRAPHIES OF HIS CONTEMPORARIES
First Journal, October, 31, 1750 to May 19, 1751.
 FOR THE HONORABLE ROBERT DINWIDDIE
ESQUIRE, GOVERNOR & COMMANDER
INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN M. CHRISTOPHER GIST BY THE
COMMITTEE OF THE OHIO COMPANY THE 11th
DAY OF SEPTEMBER 1750.
You are to go out as soon as possible to the Westward of the great Mountains, and carry with you such a Number of Men, as You think necessary in Order to search out and discover the Lands upon the River Ohio, & other adjoining Branches of the Mississippi down as low as the great Falls thereof: You are particularly to observe the Ways & Passes thro all the Mountains you cross, & take an exact Account of the Soil, Quality, & Product of the Land, and the Wideness and Deepness of the Rivers, & the several Falls belonging to them, together with the Courses & Bearings of the Rivers & Mountains as near as you conveniently can: You are, also to observe what Nations of Indians inhabit there, their Strength & Numbers, who they trade with, & in what Comodities they deal.
When you find a large Quantity of good, level Land, such as you think will suit the Company, You are to measure the Breadth of it, in three or four different Places, & take the Courses of the River and Mountains on which it binds in Order to judge the Quantity: You are to fix the Beginning & Bounds in such a Manner that they may be easily found again by your Description, the nearer in the Land lies, the  better, provided it be good & level, but we had rather go quite down the Mississippi than take mean broken Land. After finding a large Body of good level Land, you are not to stop, but proceed farther, as low as the Falls of the Ohio, that We may be informed of that Navigation ; And You are to take an exact Account of all the large Bodies of good level Land, in the same Manner as above directed, that the Company may the better judge where it will be most convenient for them to take their Land.
You are to note all the Bodies of good Land as you go along, tho there is not a sufficient Quantity for the Company's Grant, but You need not be so particular in the Mensuration of that, as in the larger Bodies of Land.
You are to draw as good a Plan as you can of the Country You pass thro: You are to take an exact and particular Journal of all your Proceedings, and make a true Report thereof to the Ohio Company.
1750.In Complyance with my Instructions from the Committee of the OHIO COMPANY bearing Date the 11th Day of September 1750.
Wednesday Octr 31.Set out from Col. Thomas Cresap's at the old Town on Potomack River in Maryland, and went along an old Indian Path N 30 E about 11 Miles.
Thursday Nov 1.Then N 1 Mile N 30 E 3 M here I was taken sick and stayed all Night.
Friday 2.N 30 E 6 M, here I was so, bad that I was not able to proceed any farther that Night, but grew better in the Morning.
Saturday 3.N 8 M to Juniatta, a large Branch of Susquehannah, where I stayed all Night.
Sunday 4.Crossed Juniatta and went up it S 55 W about 16 M.
Monday 5.Continued the same Course S 55 W 6 M to  the Top of a large Mountain Called the Allegany Mountain, here our Path turned, & we went N 45 W 6 M here we encamped.
Tuesday 6 Wednesday 7 and Thursday 8.Had Snow and such bad Weather that We could not travel for three Days; but I killed a young Bear so that we had Provision enough.
Friday 9.Set out N 70 W about 8 M here I crossed a Creek of Susquehannah and it raining hard, I went into an old Indian Cabbin where I stay'd all Night.